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Different Window Types, Styles and Designs: All You Need to Know

What do you think is a window’s role in the curb appeal of a home? They are an essential part of a building meant to allow natural light and air inside. But its also the windows, their design and style that add to the attractiveness of the house. 

With the continuously changing architecture and home design trends, windows have come a long way from classic Victorian to modern minimalist designs. However, their purpose of brightening and enhancing the interiors has remained constant.

Nowadays, there are a variety of window types and designs to choose from. Understanding your budget, needs and architecture style plays a crucial role in making the right choice. Here we have tried to explain the different types of windows, designs, and styles and how they differ from the other, read on. 

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Types of Windows Based on How They Open

Casement Windows

Long and wide windows, such as casement windows, which operate by turning a crank, have gained extreme popularity over the last few years. They are easy to clean, provide excellent natural ventilation and are customizable, making them ideal for modern homes in hot climates. Such windows usually open inward and can be angled to steer natural breeze into the building.

Ease of operation, less maintenance, and energy efficiency are some other strong suits. In addition, casement windows can also be installed with double pane fiberglass frames with low-E coating for UV protection, as well as regulating temperature.

Pros:

  • Easy to operate
  • Casement windows open outward completely, offering better ventilation and view
  • These fixed-pane windows are energy-efficient and highly secure
  • Casement windows are customizable and can be adapted to suit various styles

Cons:

  • Casement windows and central air conditioning cannot work together
  • These windows can’t be too large is size and weight   
  • Can’t use storm windows or screens
  • More mechanical problems
Modern casement windows design

Image: Evesham Glass

Modern casement windows design

Image: Cara Glass

Modern casement windows design

Image: Window Grill

Modern casement windows design

Image: Sash Services

Modern casement windows for kitchen

Image: Marvin

Modern casement windows design

Image: Thompson Creek

Awning Windows

Awning windows are almost similar to casement windows, except these have hinges on the top. They open outward, providing enough ventilation and natural light. They work well in confined spaces, such as in a bathroom or kitchen. 

Pros:

  • Awning windows are generally installed higher in the walls, maximizing ventilation without letting in rainwater 
  • Ideal for wet or damp climates due to their weather-tight construction
  • These windows are versatile and perfect replacement windows as they can be combined with other window types

Cons:

  • They get dirty easily thus require frequent cleaning
  • Not a good option for emergency escape
Modern Awning windows design

Image: Waunakee Remodeling

Modern Awning windows design

Image: Marvin

Modern Awning windows for living room

Image: Austin Architect

Modern Awning windows for kitchen

Image: Pinterest

Modern Awning windows for kitchen

Image: Micron Windows

Modern Awning windows design

Image: Window World

Modern Awning windows for living room

Image: Ply Gem

Modern Awning windows design

Image: Neata Glass

Picture Window

If you ever wanted to replace your opaque doors or walls with see-through glass windows, then picture windows are recommended. They are commonly used in combination with additional windows for an attractive aesthetic. The best place to install picture windows is where they will offer the best views of the outside.   

Picture windows are only meant to bring in natural light and offer an expansive view of the surrounding without interruption. The fact that picture windows are stationary and cannot be opened for ventilation should be considered before going for it.

Pros:

  • No replacement cost, as there are no mechanical parts are involved
  • Meant to bring in natural light and heat
  • Low maintenance

Cons:

  • Heat gain in summers 
  • Lack of ventilation   
  • Not very secure 
Modern picture windows design

Image: Thiels

Modern picture windows design

Image: Simonton

Modern picture windows design

Image: Renewal By Andersen

Modern picture windows design

Image: Beverley Hills Home

Modern picture windows design

Image: Marvin

Modern picture windows for bathroom

Image: Milgard

Modern picture windows for bedroom

Image: Charleston Home and Design

Double-Hung and Single-Hung Windows

When practicality meets simplicity in the window industry, it leads to the creation of these windows. The major difference here is the number of operable sashes that slide upwards and downwards for ventilation. These windows are efficient in terms of both, functionality and energy, as well as facilitate ventilation, making them perfect replacement windows.  

Advantages and disadvantages of double-hung windows

Pros:

  • Ease of cleaning and accessibility
  • Increased energy efficiency and ventilation
  • Can be used with window AC
  • Available in a variety of sizes, styles, colors, and materials

Cons:

  • Expensive
  • They are not as airtight as other windows
  • Require regular maintenance 

Advantages and disadvantages of single-hung windows

Pros:

  • Affordable pricing
  • Less sliding issues
  • Easy installation

Cons:

  • Less air circulation
  • Available in small size only
Double-hung vs single-hung windows design

Image: Great Lakes Window

Double-hung vs single-hung windows design

Image: Pinterest

Double-hung vs single-hung windows design

Image: A & L Windows

Double-hung vs single-hung windows design

Image: Integrity Windows Lakewood

Double-hung vs single-hung windows design

Image: Atrium

Double-hung vs single-hung windows design

Image: Window World Buffalo

Bay or Bow Windows

If you wish to make your small room feel larger, then bay or bow windows are the right choice. At first glance, both of them look alike, but they have major differences in length and shape. Usually, bay windows comprise of three windows of varying sizes, creating a rounded appearance on the outside of the building. On the other hand, a bow window is made up of three to six windows of equal size and shape, offering clean straight lines.

These windows are ideal for small spaces as they are installed ahead of the exterior wall of a home. In most cases, they are a combined with picture, slider or casement windows, making it a much desirable option. With the right material put to work, bay or bow windows can turn out to be a fruitful investment.

Pros:

  • Brings in a lot of natural light and air
  • Enhanced view
  • Creates extra space
  • Adds value to the property
  • Different styles available

Cons:

  • Hard to replace
  • It is difficult to install hardware on these windows
  • Higher repair and maintenance cost
Modern bay and bow windows design

Image: Stanek Windows

Modern bay and bow windows design

Image: Greenview Windows

Modern bay and bow windows design

Image: Zenith Home

Modern bay and bow windows design

Image: Clearview Home

Modern bay and bow windows design

Image: Pinterest

Modern bay and bow windows for kitchen

Image: Pinterest

Modern bay and bow windows with seating

Image: YouTube/Grig Stamate

Slider Windows

As the name gives out, these windows slide horizontally or vertically and bring in natural light and fresh air. Usually, slider windows are wider than they are tall. They are great for compact spaces, and also for bedroom egress requirements.    

Pros:

  • Easy to use and durable
  • Available in different sizes
  • Easy to clean and low maintenance
  • Cost-effective 

Cons:

  • Prone to air leaks
  • Limited color options
  • Require regular cleaning

 

Modern Slider windows design

Image: Thompson Creek

Modern Slider windows for bathroom

Image: Aluminium Door & Window Solutions

Modern Slider windows for kitchen

Image: Pinterest

Modern Slider windows design

Image: Ronafa

Modern Slider windows design

Image: Stanek Windows

Modern Slider windows for living room

Image: Window World

Modern Slider windows for bedroom

Image: Lonny

Window Types on Basis of Placement

Clerestory Windows

A series of stationary windows along the upper section of walls are generally called clerestory windows. They are meant to allow natural light into the room. You can find a number of tiny homes with such windows since they are effective in making the room look spacious and airy.

Pros:

  • Bring in natural light
  • Require less maintenance
  • Perfect for long hallways
  • Make an attractive addition to a home

Cons:

  • Clerestories can cause overheating in the space
  • Bad choice for bedrooms
  • Difficult to shade owing to their placement  Modern clerestory windows design for living room

Image: Studio MM Architect

Modern clerestory windows design

Image: Dezeen/Whit Preston

Modern clerestory windows for living room

Image: Architectural Digest

Modern clerestory windows for kitchen

Image: Pinterest

Modern clerestory windows for bathroom

Image: Freshome

Modern clerestory windows design

Image: Dwell/Lincoln Barbour

Transom Windows

Transom window is a narrow, fan-shaped window set above windows or doors. They are usually meant to enhance the aesthetics and create a focal point on the entrance. Typically, they feature a semicircular shape, but can also be square or rectangular.   

Pros:

  • They add to curb appeal of a home
  • Increase natural light and ventilation indoors
  • Privacy isn’t choked
  • Enhanced appearance  

Cons:

  • Transom windows are fixed and thus offer no ventilation
  • Difficult to clean 
Modern Transom windows design

Image: Pinterest

Modern Transom windows design

Image: Angie’s List

Modern Transom windows design

Image: Modern Steel Doors

Modern Transom windows design

Image: Pinterest

Modern Transom windows design

Image: iDesignArch

Modern Transom windows design

Image: Pinterest

Dormer Windows

Dormer windows project vertically from a sloped roof and are commonly used to bring light into attics. They are useful not only for airing and brightening the space but also for adding a unique charm to the exterior design of the home.  

Pros:

  • Increase available space indoors
  • Additional opening
  • Improves the exterior look

Cons:

  • Difficult to install 
  • High maintenance and cost
  • Are prone to leakage  
Modern Dormer windows design

Image: Pinterest

Modern Dormer windows design

Image: Goedeker’s

Modern Dormer windows design

Image: Pinterest

Modern Dormer windows design

Image: Desire to Inspire

Modern Dormer windows design

Image: Pinterest

Modern Dormer windows design

Image: HomeDSGN

Transom Dormer windows

Image: The Barn Yard Store

Corner Windows

Corner windows are rare but surely a beautiful addition to a home. They provide benefits that are traditional, and not offered by rectangular windows; such as stylish design and increased light flow into the house.  

Pros:

  • Bring in light and add to the interior space
  • Provide a unique statement to the house
  • Maximize view
  • Are perfect for a lounging nook

Cons:

  • A less secure window type
  • High construction cost
  • Laborious to clean 
Modern corner windows with seating

Image: Zillow

Modern corner windows for bedroom

Image: Usual House

Modern corner windows for living room

Image: Southern Living/Helen Norman

Modern corner windows design

Image: Pinterest

Modern corner windows design

Image: Paul Cremoux

Modern corner windows design

Image: Plant Architects

Modern corner picture windows design for living room

Image: HomeDSGN

Skylight Windows

If you’re looking for a modernist way to brighten up your home, skylight window can do it for you. They are perfect for small bedrooms and kitchen, since they create an illusion of a larger space. The air and light flow are impeccable, and you can open the windows outward with ease. Not only does the skylight look like an invention of the modern era, but their ease of use and space-friendly placement keeps them at the top of the homeowner’s list.

Pros:

  • Increases natural light indoors
  • Makes small spaces feel larger 
  • A value addition to a property 

Cons:

  • Potential energy and moisture leaks
  • Expensive to install and maintain
  • Sun glare through the skylight can fade carpets and fabric quicker
Modern skylight windows design for living room

Image: Team Frames Trade & Retail

Modern skylight windows design for living room

Image: Wilderness Cottages

Modern skylight windows design for living room

Image: Arch Daily

Modern skylight windows design for kitchen

Image: South Lakes Windows

Modern skylight windows design for kitchen

Image: Velux

Modern skylight windows design for kitchen

Image: Pinterest

Modern skylight windows for flat roof

Image: Velux

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